is a dried seed, fruit, root, bark, or vegetable substance primarily used for flavoring, coloring or preserving food.
Spices are distinguished from herbs, which are parts of leafy green plants used for flavoring or as a garnish.
Many spices have antimicrobial properties. This may explain why spices are more commonly used in warmer climates, which have more infectious disease, and why the use of spices is prominent in meat, which is particularly susceptible to spoiling.
A spice may have other uses, including medicinal, religious ritual, cosmetics or perfume production, or as a vegetable. For example,turmeric roots are consumed as a vegetable and garlic as an antibiotic.